Orthodontics

The aim of the orthodontic treatment is to straighten teeth in order to ensure proper function and aesthetics of dental arches and system of jaws.

Orthodontic treatment is easier applied to the growing patient, so most orthodontic patients are children and teenagers. However, adults can be treated but it methods of treatment and duration will be different. The start, needs and expediency of the orthodontic treatment is determined by orthodontist during consultation.

Orthodontic consultation

Not all orthodontic problems are noticeable and cause complaints. During the consultation, the orthodontist evaluates the occlusion; identifies a diagnosis and a treatment plan. This requires the assessment of general health, dental and maxillofacial bone condition, making of a special x-rays radiograph; dental models of plaster, photographs of face and dental arches. Even if there are no complaints, it is advisable to consult the orthodontist at the age of 6 – 7 years.

Causes of malocclusion

  • Inherited discrepancy of jaws and tooth size, irregular growth of jaws,
  • The narrowing of dental arches due to the early loss of deciduous teeth,
  • Addictions like finger (especially the thumb) sucking, breathing through the mouth (due to the increase in the tonsils, adenoids, allergic rhinitis), pushing the tongue,
  • Trapped in bone (retained) or delayed pushing of teeth.

Signs of malocclusion

If there is a temporomandibular joint dysfunction, the patient may feel crunching or clicking of the jaw joint while eating or while the mouth opens broadly.

The duration of orthodontic treatment

Orthodontic treatment lasts from 18 to 24 months. It depends on the age of the patient, on the complexity of the initial condition, on the equipment used for treatment and cooperation of the patient. The duration of treatment may be extended due to the derogation from the prescribed treatment, omitted visits.

The treatment of growing patients, when it is necessary to control the growth of jaws, may take several treatment stages and several kinds of equipment. In such cases, the treatment can last 3 – 4 years.

The orthodontic treatment of adult patients lasts longer than growing patients. Often teeth need to be removed and in cases of severe anomalies of jaws, the surgery of jaws (orthognathic) can be applied together with the treatment using braces.

The process of orthodontic treatment

Selecting and applying orthodontic equipment to the patient, control visits are appointed every 4 – 8 weeks. During these visits, the orthodontist performs activation and monitoring of correction equipment, evaluates teeth and occlusion changes, the effectiveness of treatment. During these visits dental radiographs can be done for control purposes, if necessary, the treatment of dental caries and oral hygiene procedures are performed.

Adult patients may need help from other specialists as they often have problems with teeth, dental rows, bone and periodontal damage, oral diseases due to malocclusion.

Contact phone

Reception: 8 (5) 215 0 215
Mobile phone: +370 611 51222
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