The aim of the orthodontic treatment is to straighten teeth in order to ensure proper function and aesthetics of dental arches and system of jaws.
Orthodontic treatment is easier applied to the growing patient, so most orthodontic patients are children and teenagers. However, adults can be treated but it methods of treatment and duration will be different. The start, needs and expediency of the orthodontic treatment is determined by orthodontist during consultation.
Not all orthodontic problems are noticeable and cause complaints. During the consultation, the orthodontist evaluates the occlusion; identifies a diagnosis and a treatment plan. This requires the assessment of general health, dental and maxillofacial bone condition, making of a special x-rays radiograph; dental models of plaster, photographs of face and dental arches. Even if there are no complaints, it is advisable to consult the orthodontist at the age of 6 – 7 years.
Causes of malocclusion
- Inherited discrepancy of jaws and tooth size, irregular growth of jaws,
- The narrowing of dental arches due to the early loss of deciduous teeth,
- Addictions like finger (especially the thumb) sucking, breathing through the mouth (due to the increase in the tonsils, adenoids, allergic rhinitis), pushing the tongue,
- Trapped in bone (retained) or delayed pushing of teeth.