Nowadays, whitening of teeth is very popular and we can choose a lot of methods: teeth whitening with kappa, in office teeth whitening, teeth whitening using a laser and so on. One of the reasons is that a smile is the most important tool helping people around the world to understand each other. From the onset of humanity people tried to keep their teeth bright, white and healthy. Some of methods used in the past in fact gave a real benefit; others were funny or even atrocious.
The first toothbrushes that helped to keep teeth white appeared around year 3000 before Christ. They were simple tree branches, which were stripped from the tree bark. Rubbing teeth such branches helped to remove food remains. Meanwhile, the first toothbrush with bristles was invented by the Chinese around 1400 AD. European merchants quickly realized that this is a great invention and brushes were brought to Europe. Soon these brushes became popular all over the world.
Bristles of wild boars or other animals were used to make toothbrushes until Louis Pasteur discovered bacteria. After this discovery doctors quickly realized that animal hair cause gum diseases and infections. So, they have been looking for a substitute for animal bristles for a long time. In 1935 Wallace Hume Carothers discovered nylon, which helped to solve the problem and preventive dental care become safe.
Let’s not speak about preventive measures, in the introduction we mentioned extreme tooth whitening methods applied in the past. Thus, about 2000 BC, the Egyptians polished their teeth with wine vinegar or pumice. These measures were not pleasant; moreover, they drastically damaged the enamel. Nevertheless, the ancient Roman population had not only the economy and military power; they managed to exceed the Egyptians by using even more extreme tooth whitening methods. Romans bleached their teeth with the help of human urine that contains abundant amount of ammonia. By the way, ammonia can actually help for the short period of time. However, it is better to visit your own dentist. So, it goes without saying that in the above mentioned period teeth whitening using kappa was not popular.
Historians have also ascertained that dental services were provided not by the ancient medical specialists but by hairdressers. They had special tools for removal of teeth, in fact only those dental services at that time were provided for patients with aching teeth.
Caustic acid was also used for whitening in the 18th -19th centuries. It whitened teeth for a short period of time, but completely destroyed tooth enamel. In 1800 Italian dentists found that fluorine can remove stains from teeth. This discovery led to the emergence of fluoride lozenges. Children from wealthy Italian families were forced to taste such sweets. When good results were noticed, they started pouring fluorine into drinking water, toothpaste and mouth rinse. Besides, the material strengthens the tooth enamel, thus reducing the formation of holes. However, over time it was found that elderly people have spotty teeth due to the use of fluorine. Thus, the fluorine was abandoned.
Mankind, living in the 21st century, is possessed by the mania of white teeth. A beautiful smile has become a necessity, no longer an advantage. In the United States, the investigation revealed that during the last 5 years of whitening service has been used 300 per cent times more than in the past years. This information is published by the American Institute of Dental beauticians. A lot of preventative measures are used in dental caring that help to keep teeth bright. Teeth whitening with kappa, lasers, various gels or liquids are used. Here’s how the dentistry has changed in over 5,000 years.